ExplorE THE arCHAeolOgICAL ZONES OF Calakmul

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LOCATION:

The archeological zone of Calakmul is immersed in the Calakmul Biosphere Reserve, southeast of the State of Campeche, some 30 kilometers from the border with Guatemala. There is the entrance to the road that leads to the Archaeological Zone of Calakmul at kilometer 95 on the Federal Highway 186.

Monday through Sunday from 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.

Entry price. $ 197.00 pesos for person.*

* Deferred payment is made along the way.

Specific recommendations for this site:

  • The Archaeological Zone is very large so we recommend you to hire a guide at the entrance on the road that leads to the Archaeological Zone. The naturalist guides of the site have extensive knowledge in archeology and can show you some of the birds and natural attractions of the site.

  • For your visit, we recommend that you leave your hotel early to observe wildlife species on your way to the site, as they have more activity in the mornings. Your guide will help you identify them.

  • It is important to take into account that you will not have telephone or Internet signal, nor do you have auto repair services, ATMs or gas stations in the area (the closest ones are in Xpujil and Escárcega, each one 2 hours away from the site).

  • Likewise, we recommend you bring enough water and snacks, since there are no stores in the archaeological zone. The nearest store is 1.30 hrs from the area, in the community of Conhuas.

  • It is important to load gas in Escárcega or Xpujil, depending on where you are approaching the site, since you will not find these services near the Archaeological Zone.

  • Vehicles of more than 12 people require special permission to access (or you can rent van in the ejido)

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 CALAKMUL

"Between two adjacent stones"

A treasure that emerges from the jungle. Dare to enter the depths of the Calakmul Biosphere Reserve, in an emerald green jungle adorned with an extensive variety of forms and expressions of flora and fauna, and from which the striking Calakmul Archaeological Zone emerges, or "Place where two adjacent mounds rise ".

 

With structures up to 45 m high, Calakmul is a representation of the greatness of the Mayan culture that took place in the area hundreds of years ago. There are several characteristics that make this a special place for the history of humanity, highlighting its impressive structures that demonstrate the political and spiritual life of its ancient inhabitants, its more than one hundred commemorative stelae that exhibit extraordinary testimonies of yesterday, as well as a great number of tombs, accompanied by numerous vessels and diverse elements such as masks, and jadeite and marine snail necklaces, among others. Undoubtedly, Calakmul is an outstanding example of a Mayan capital city.

 

As if that were not enough, less than half of the structures have been explored, the rest remains a mystery within this exuberant jungle that still holds a large number of secrets to discover.

 

For all this natural and cultural wealth, Calakmul has been called both a World Heritage Site and a Mixed World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Without a doubt, this Archeological Zone is your main reason to visit the Calakmul region and discover its history and legends under the framework of tourism in direct contact with nature.

 

CHICANNA

"House of the serpent’s mouth"

Within the architectural area of ​​Rio Bec style, awaits "The House of the serpent’s mouth " (chi-mouth, can-snake, na-house). Chicanna stands out for the great beauty of its Structure II, which is decorated with a huge mask of Itzamna, the "creator god", in which you can see stucco remains (a mixture of resins from different trees) with red and blue colors, as well as majestic Mayan glyphs. The calm and quiet that the atmosphere of Chicanná transmits allows you to relive the ancestral airs that, without a doubt, add a mystical touch to your trip.

 

The hotel "Chicanna Ecovillage" is only 3 min away from the Archaeological Zone so it is a very attractive option for tourists seeking comfort. If you decide to stay here, we recommend you visit the Archaeological Zone on foot from the hotel, preferably early in the morning to avoid the strong rays of the sun and to do some bird watching on the way.

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LOCATION:

North of Federal Highway No. 186, eight kilometers west of Xpujil. It can be reached from Escárcega (150 km) or from Chetumal (130 km).

 

Monday through Sunday from 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.

Entry price. $ 55.00 pesos for person.

Specific recommendations for this site:

  • Wear light clothing. In the months of June, July and August use insect repellent. No pets.

  • Please plan to arrive at the site one hour before closing in order to have enough time for your visit

 

Services:

  • Parking, sale of publications, service unit, toilets, satellite phone.

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BECAN

Discover the "snake path"

 

The occupation of the place dates from the year 300 BC. The specialists consider Becán the "capital" of the Rio Bec region; the place is characteristic for its architecture, which in archeology is called "Rio Bec style" and is characterized by buildings that have towers and crests.

 

The name of the site, Becán, means "Canyon or Canyon formed by water", making reference to the moat built as a protection strategy around the city. In addition, underground passages have been discovered at the foot of the structures.

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LOCATION

 

North of Federal Highway No. 186, eight kilometers west of Xpujil. It can be reached from Escárcega (150 km) or from Chetumal (130 km).

Monday through Sunday from 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.

Entry price. $ 60.00 pesos for person.

Specific recommendations for this site:

  • Wear light clothing. In the months of June, July and August use insect repellent. No pets.

  • Please plan to arrive at the site one hour before closing in order to have enough time for your visit

Services:

  • Parking, sale of publications, service unit, toilets, satellite phone.

 
 

XPUJIL

The enigmatic "cat's tail"

 

On the outskirts of the town of Xpujil, a contrasting and enigmatic archaeological site breaks out, dazzling with its fusion of architectural styles and particular designs.

 

The site is easily accessible, and it is possible to walk in a short time with a path suitable for all types of public. Here you can enjoy large and imposing Rio Bec style structures, in an area surrounded by nature and ideal for bird watching in its gardens.

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LOCATION:

It is located at the entrance to the town of Xpujil, which is located on Federal Highway No. 186, Escárcega-Chetumal.

 

Monday through Sunday from 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.

Entry price. $ 55.00 pesos for person.

Specific recommendations for this site:

  • Wear light clothing. In the months of June, July and August use insect repellent. No pets.

  • Please plan to arrive at the site one hour before closing in order to have enough time for your visit

Services:

  • Parking, sale of publications, service unit, toilets, satellite phone.

hormiguero

A window to the "underworld"

 

In the thickness of the jungle lies the incredible archaeological site of the "Hormiguero". Located 8 km. from the town of Eugenio Echeverría Castellot II, the tour of the area outlines an atmosphere of calm and peace. In addition, being immersed in the vast jungle, moisture abounds allowing small plants to cover much of the structures and passages, providing a stage that will transport you to the splendor of this Mayan city.

 

Hormiguero has several beautifully carved structures with particularly notable details, such as Structure IV which has a façade with a large mask in rounded towers with unfinished staircases and, like a door, a monstrous mouth with jaws open, symbolizing a portal between the outside world and the underworld.

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LOCATION

To get to the site, take the federal highway 180 towards the town of Champotón, from there follow the federal highway 186 towards Escárcega-Chetumal. It is accessed from the town or village Eugenio Echeverría Castellot 2

 

Monday through Sunday from 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.

Entry price. Free of charge

Specific recommendations for this site:

  • Wear light clothing. In the months of June, July and August use insect repellent. No pets.

  • Please plan to arrive at the site one hour before closing in order to have enough time for your visit.

Services:

  • Parking, sale of publications, service unit, toilets.

 
 

BALAMKU

Secrets carved on stone

In the area there are important vestiges of the Mayan culture, so the vegetation in part of the area still reflects the effects of its pre-Hispanic uses. (Escalona, Mendoza and Molina, 2009).

 

This Mayan city that covers just one square kilometer, is famous for sheltering the "frieze of the universe", an archaeological piece of polychrome stucco, unique in the area and with stylized and interspersed engravings of species such as jaguars and snakes.

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LOCATION

Access is through a 3 km road located in front of the ejido of Conhuas, which is located on the Escárcega-Chetumal road.

Monday through Sunday from 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.

Entry price. $ 45.00 pesos for person.

Specific recommendations for this site:

  • Wear light clothing. In the months of June, July and August use insect repellent. No pets.

  • Please plan to arrive at the site one hour before closing in order to have enough time for your visit.

Services:

  • Parking, sale of publications, service unit, toilets, Guided visits; palapas, grills and camping área.

RíO BEC

A secret world

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LOCATION

Access is via the Xpujil-Chetumal highway, taking a deviation of 20 km south of located from the community of November 20.

 

Monday through Sunday from 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.

Entry price. $ 50.00 pesos for person.

 

For now, access to this site is very difficult, and can only be done during the dry season with 4x4 vehicles or a mountain bike if you have one. If you decide to venture and take this tour, we recommend that you request the company of a local guide in the village of November 20. It is important that you consider taking enough water and supplies because it is a long and little explored road.